Tool and Equipment Vocabulary in English

Learning the vocabulary related to tools and equipment is very useful, especially for those working in trades, construction, DIY projects, and even in everyday situations. Here is a list of common tool and equipment vocabulary in English, complete with definitions and example sentences.

A hammer is a tool featuring a weighted head fixed to a long handle that is swung to deliver an impact to a small area of an object. Hammers are used for a variety of purposes, including driving nails, breaking up objects, and forging metal.

I need to find my hammer to hang this picture on the wall.

A screwdriver is a tool with a handle and a shaft ending in a tip the user puts into the screw head to turn it. Screwdrivers come in various shapes and sizes for different screw types.

Can you pass me the Phillips head screwdriver to tighten this screw?

A wrench is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects—typically rotary fasteners, such as nuts and bolts—or keep them from turning.

Use this wrench to loosen the bolt on the bike wheel.

A drill is a tool with a rotating drill bit used for making round holes or driving fasteners. It is fitted with a bit, either a drill or driver, depending on application, secured by a chuck.

I need to drill some holes in the wall to install the shelves.

A saw is a tool consisting of a tough blade, wire, or chain with a hard toothed edge. It is used to cut through material, very often wood though sometimes metal or stone.

We’ll need a hand saw to cut these wooden planks to the right length.

A level is a tool used to establish a horizontal plane. It has a liquid-filled vial with an air bubble that indicates whether a surface is level or plumb.

Make sure the picture is straight by using the level.

A plunger is a tool used to clear blockages in pipes and drains. It consists of a rubber suction cup attached to a stick (usually wooden or plastic) that is pushed down and pulled up to create suction.

The sink is clogged; we need to use a plunger to unclog it.

A ladder is a vertical or inclined set of rungs or steps used to reach high places. A ladder can be made of various materials, including wood, metal, or fiberglass.

We’ll need the ladder to clean the gutters this weekend.

Measuring Tape
A measuring tape is a flexible ruler used to measure size or distance. It consists of a ribbon of cloth, plastic, or metal with linear-measurement markings.

Before we buy the curtains, we should use the measuring tape to measure the window.

A vice is a mechanical screw apparatus used for holding or clamping a workpiece to allow work to be performed on it with tools such as saws, drills, or hammers.

We will secure the wood in the vice before we start sawing.

Pliers are a hand tool used to hold objects firmly, possibly developed from tongs used to handle hot metal. They are also useful for bending and compressing a wide range of materials.

Could you hand me the pliers so I can twist this wire?

A grinder is a power tool or machine tool used for grinding, which is a type of machining using an abrasive wheel as the cutting tool. Grinders are used for various applications including cutting and shaping metal or wood.

We’ll need the grinder to smooth out these rough metal edges.

Each of these tools and pieces of equipment can be essential for different tasks and projects. Knowing their English vocabulary not only helps in communication but also in understanding instructions and safety guidelines for their use.

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