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Ukrainian Terms Relating to Politics and Government

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As a language learner, expanding your vocabulary to include terms related to politics and government is crucial, especially if you want to engage in discussions about current events or understand the political context in Ukrainian-speaking regions. Here are some essential Ukrainian terms you should know along with definitions and an example sentence for each.

Верховна Рада (Verkhovna Rada) – The unicameral parliament of Ukraine which is the main legislative body of the country.

Верховна Рада ухвалила новий закон.

Президент (Prezydent) – The President or head of state of Ukraine, responsible for foreign and domestic policy and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

Президент виступив з промовою про майбутнє країни.

Кабінет Міністрів (Kabinet Ministriv) – The Cabinet of Ministers, which is the highest body of the executive branch in Ukraine’s government.

Кабінет Міністрів вніс зміни до бюджету.

Опозиція (Opozytsiya) – The opposition, often referring to political parties or politicians who oppose the current government or ruling party.

Опозиція критикувала новий законопроект.

Депутат (Deputat) – A deputy or a member of the parliament (Verkhovna Rada).

Депутат подав пропозицію про збільшення видатків на освіту.

Вибори (Vybori) – Elections, a process in which citizens choose their representatives or answer a political question through voting.

Вибори відбудуться в наступному місяці.

Партія (Partiya) – A political party, an organized group of people with similar political goals and opinions, aiming to gain political power.

Ця партія має найбільшу підтримку серед молоді.

Конституція (Konstytutsiya) – The Constitution, a fundamental law outlining the system of government and basic principles for a state and its citizens.

Конституція гарантує право на свободу слова.

Закон (Zakon) – Law or legislation, a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions.

Новий закон має на меті покращити екологічну ситуацію.

Бюлетень (Biuleten) – A ballot, a paper used to record someone’s secret vote during an election.

Бюлетень містив п’ять кандидатів на посаду мера.

Уряд (Uryad) – The government, the group of people with the authority to govern a country or state.

Уряд обіцяє запровадити реформи в наступному році.

Місцеве самоврядування (Misceve samovryaduvannya) – Local government or local self-government, governing bodies responsible for the administration of areas at the local level.

Місцеве самоврядування фінансуватиме новий спортивний комплекс.

Суд (Sud) – Court, an institution that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

Суд виніс рішення на користь звинуваченого.

Understanding these Ukrainian terms will give you a more in-depth insight into Ukrainian society and will help you make sense of the news and conversations about Ukrainian politics and government. Keep practicing and expanding your political vocabulary to enhance your language skills in this important area.

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