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Gardening and botanical vocabulary in Arabic

Student highlighting key phrases in an Italian dictionary.

Gardening and botany are areas deeply rooted in human culture, and the Arab world, with its rich history of agriculture and love for beauty, has a profound connection with the land and its vegetation. For language enthusiasts and green thumbs alike, learning the appropriate Arabic vocabulary will enhance not only your linguistic skills but also your appreciation for this verdant field. Here we will discuss a variety of words related to gardening and plants in Arabic with definitions and example sentences.

حديقة (Hadeeqa) – Garden
It is a piece of ground adjoining a house where flowers, herbs, fruits, and vegetables are cultivated.
أحب أن أقضي وقتي في العمل بالـحديقة.

نبات (Nabaat) – Plant
This term refers to living organisms typically growing in a permanent site, absorbing water and inorganic substances through its roots, and synthesizing nutrients in its leaves by photosynthesis using the green pigment chlorophyll.
هذا الـنبات يحتاج إلى المزيد من الشمس.

زراعة (Ziraa’a) – Farming, Agriculture
The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
تعتبر الـزراعة من الأنشطة الأساسية في الريف.

بذور (Budhoor) – Seeds
They are the small hard fruits or the grain used for sowing.
يجب أن تشتري الـبذور الجيدة لحديقتك.

تربة (Turba) – Soil
Refers to the top layer of the earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles.
الـتربة الخصبة ضرورية لنمو النباتات بشكل جيد.

سماد (Samad) – Fertilizer
A chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to increase its fertility.
أضف بعض الـسماد لتحسين جودة التربة.

ماء (Maa’) – Water
In gardening, water is essential for the growth and sustenance of plants.
تحتاج النباتات إلى ماء بشكل منتظم.

زهرة (Zahra) – Flower
The seed-bearing part of a plant, consisting of reproductive organs that are typically surrounded by a brightly colored corolla and a green calyx.
الـزهرة الحمراء تبدو جميلة في الحديقة.

شجرة (Shajarah) – Tree
A woody perennial plant, typically having a single stem or trunk growing to a considerable height and bearing lateral branches at some distance from the ground.
يقضي الأطفال وقتهم في اللعب تحت الـشجرة.

أوراق (Awraq) – Leaves
The flat, thin organs of a plant, typically green and blade-like, that are attached to a stem directly or via a stalk. Leaves are the site of photosynthesis in plants.
الـأوراق الخضراء ضرورية لعملية البناء الضوئي.

ثمرة (Thamara) – Fruit
The sweet and fleshy product of a tree or other plant that contains seed and can be eaten as food.
تحتوي الـثمرة على فيتامينات ومعادن مفيدة للصحة.

Whether you are a botanist, a gardening enthusiast, or simply a student of Arabic looking to grow your vocabulary, these words are a seedbed of knowledge waiting to blossom. Immerse yourself in the verdant beauty of the Arabic language and let your linguistic garden flourish with each new term you learn. Happy gardening, or as you would say in Arabic, رياضة الـزراعة السعيدة!

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