Turkish Medical and Healthcare Vocabulary

If you are planning a trip to Turkey or thinking about living there, it is crucial to know some basic Turkish medical and healthcare vocabulary. This will not only help you in emergency situations but also make your interaction with doctors, pharmacists, and other healthcare professionals smoother. In this article, we will cover essential words and phrases related to health, medical conditions, body parts, and interactions at hospitals and pharmacies.

General Healthcare Terms

Health in Turkish is “sağlık.” If you need to visit a hospital, you would say “hastane.” For emergencies, knowing the word “acil” which means “emergency” is crucial. Here are a few phrases that could be useful:

“Doktoru görmem gerekiyor.” (I need to see a doctor.)
“Acil servise gitmeliyiz.” (We need to go to the emergency room.)

When you need to buy some medications, the word for pharmacy in Turkish is “eczane.” To ask for a pharmacy, you might say:

“En yakın eczane nerede?” (Where is the nearest pharmacy?)

Describing Symptoms and Pain

When visiting a doctor, it’s important to describe your symptoms or pain. The word for symptom in Turkish is “belirti,” and pain is expressed as “ağrı”. Here’s how you might describe your condition:

“Başım çok ağrıyor.” (My head hurts a lot.)
“Mide bulantım var.” (I have nausea.)

If you’re experiencing a fever, you would say:

“Ateşim var.” (I have a fever.)

Body Parts

Knowing how to name body parts in Turkish can help you explain more precisely where your pain or injury is. Some key terms include:

Head: Baş
Stomach: Mide
Leg: Bacak
Arm: Kol

If you have a stomachache, you might tell the doctor:

“Mide ağrım var.” (I have stomach pain.)

At the Doctor’s Office

When at the doctor’s office, you may need to explain your medical history or current health condition. The term for medical history is “tıbbi geçmiş.” It’s useful to know phrases like:

“Önceki sağlık sorunlarınızı anlatır mısınız?” (Can you explain your previous health issues?)

Doctors might also ask if you are taking any medication:

“Herhangi bir ilaç kullanıyor musunuz?” (Are you using any medication?)

Buying Medications

At the pharmacy, it is useful to know how to ask for a specific medicine or to inquire if a prescription is needed. The word for prescription is “reçete.” You might need to ask:

“Bu ilaç için reçete gerekiyor mu?” (Is a prescription needed for this medicine?)

If you’re looking for something over-the-counter, you could say:

“Reçetesiz ağrı kesici var mı?” (Do you have any over-the-counter pain relievers?)

Insurance and Payments

Discussing insurance and payments is also a vital part of dealing with medical situations. The word for insurance is “sigorta.” To inquire about coverage, you may ask:

“Bu tedavi sigorta kapsamında mı?” (Is this treatment covered by insurance?)

For payments, particularly if you need to know if you can pay by card, you could ask:

“Kredi kartıyla ödeyebilir miyim?” (Can I pay with a credit card?)

Emergency Situations

In case of emergencies, it’s essential to know some basic phrases to get immediate help. The phrase for “Help me” is:

“Yardım edin!” (Help me!)

To tell someone to call an ambulance, you would say:

“Ambulans çağırın!” (Call an ambulance!)


Knowing these basic Turkish medical and healthcare vocabulary and phrases will not only help you navigate through any health issues you might encounter but also enhance your confidence while staying in Turkey. Remember, a little preparation goes a long way, especially when it concerns your health and well-being in a foreign country.

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