Spanish Words for Political and Social Issues

Understanding the vocabulary related to political and social issues is fundamental for anyone trying to master Spanish, especially in the context of contemporary discussions. Here, we’ll explore some of the Spanish words used to describe a wide range of topics that capture the essence of public discourse and societal concerns.

The term democracia translates to “democracy,” which is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. In a democracy, the majority’s decisions typically guide the political process.

En una democracia, es esencial que todos los ciudadanos participen en las elecciones.

Dictadura means “dictatorship,” a form of government in which a single person or a small group holds absolute power, typically obtained and maintained by force.

La dictadura del país duró muchos años antes de que se restableciera la democracia.

Gobierno translates as “government,” which is the governing body of a nation, state, or community.

El gobierno anunció nuevas medidas para combatir la crisis económica.

Corrupción means “corruption,” the dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery.

La corrupción es un problema serio que afecta el desarrollo del país.

Derechos Humanos
Derechos Humanos stands for “human rights,” the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death.

Los activistas luchan por la protección de los derechos humanos en todo el mundo.

Libertad de Expresión
Libertad de Expresión translates to “freedom of speech,” the right to express one’s opinions publicly without governmental interference.

La libertad de expresión es fundamental en una sociedad abierta y democrática.

Pobreza means “poverty,” the state of being extremely poor and the lack of means to provide for material needs or comforts.

El nuevo programa social espera reducir los niveles de pobreza en las zonas rurales.

Desigualdad translates to “inequality,” a situation in which there are unfair differences between groups of people in society, especially in relation to their wealth or power.

La desigualdad económica está aumentando, y es un tema de gran preocupación para el gobierno.

Economía means “economy,” the state of a country or region in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services and the supply of money.

La economía global ha sido afectada por la pandemia.

Justicia can be translated as “justice,” the fair treatment of people and the quality of being just, righteous, or morally correct.

La sociedad demanda justicia para las víctimas del crimen.

Migración stands for “migration,” the movement of people from one place to another, especially with the intent of settling temporarily or permanently in the new location.

La migración es un fenómeno complejo que involucra una variedad de factores económicos, sociales y políticos.

Refugiado means “refugee,” a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.

Los refugiados buscan seguridad y una vida mejor en otros países.

Sostenibilidad translates as “sustainability,” the ability to maintain or support an activity or process over the long term, particularly in environmental contexts.

La sostenibilidad ambiental es clave para el futuro del planeta.

By familiarizing yourself with these Spanish words for political and social issues, you’ll have a better grasp of discussions on these topics and be able to communicate your thoughts and opinions more effectively in Spanish-speaking environments.

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