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Political Discussion Terms in Belarusian

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As an avid language learner or a curious mind delving into the Belarusian language, it’s often useful to understand terms related to political discussions. Given the vital role that politics plays in shaping nations and societies, getting to grips with these terms can enable you to comprehend news broadcasts, read articles, and engage in vibrant discussions with native speakers. Here are several key political discussion terms in Belarusian, complete with definitions and example sentences.

Урад (Urad) – Government
This is the group of people who govern a country or state at the highest level. In Belarusian, “урад” refers to the executive branch of power in the country.
Новы урад прыняў серыю рэформаў для стымулявання эканомікі.

Апазіцыя (Apazytsyia) – Opposition
In a political context, “апазіцыя” signifies any party or group that is not in power and typically confronts and criticizes the government’s policies.
Прадстаўнікі апазіцыі выступілі супраць законапраекта.

Канстытуцыя (Kanstytutsyya) – Constitution
The “канстытуцыя” is the fundamental set of principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a state, governing the behavior of its officials and citizens.
Канстытуцыя зацвярджае асноўныя правы і свабоды грамадзян.

Дэмакратыя (Dzemakratyia) – Democracy
This term describes a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation (direct democracy) or to choose governing officials to do so (representative democracy).
Дэмакратыя прадугледжвае роўнае права галасу для ўсіх грамадзян.

Выбары (Vybary) – Elections
“Выбары” are a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold official office.
Наступныя прэзідэнцкія выбары адбудуцца ў верасні.

Палітыка (Palityka) – Politics
The term “палітыка” signifies the activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate between parties having power.
Яна заўсёды цікавілася палітыкай і сацыяльнымі праблемамі.

Заканадаўства (Zakanadawstva) – Legislation
This refers to the laws and legal considerations that are established by the legislating authorities like parliaments.
Заканадаўства павінна адлюстроўваць інтарэсы грамадства.

Вярхоўны савет (Vyarhouny Savet) – Supreme Council
The “вярхоўны савет” is a term that historically referenced the highest legislative body in the country.
Вярхоўны савет адыграў важную ролю ў гісторыі незалежнасці Беларусі.

Сацыялізм (Satsyyalizm) – Socialism
“Сацыялізм” is a political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
Сацыялізм накіраваны на стварэнне болей справядлівага грамадства.

Рэферэндум (Referendum) – Referendum
A “рэферэндум” is a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.
Правядзенне рэферэндума патрабуе шырокіх арганізацыйных мерапрыемстваў.

Understanding these terms and having the ability to discuss them fluently in Belarusian can greatly enhance your language skills and allow you to engage more deeply with the country’s culture and current affairs. Happy learning!

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