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Nature and Environment Vocabulary in Chinese

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Learning a new language opens a window into a different culture and its connection with the world around it. When it comes to Chinese, mastering vocabulary related to nature and the environment can greatly enhance your ability to engage in conversations and understand the context in which they occur. This article will introduce you to some essential nature and environment-related terms in Chinese, complete with definitions and examples.

自然 (zìrán)
Meaning: Nature
这个地方保持了许多自然的美丽。
(This place has retained much of its natural beauty.)

环境 (huánjìng)
Meaning: Environment
我们必须采取行动保护我们的环境。
(We must take action to protect our environment.)

山脉 (shānmài)
Meaning: Mountain Range
喜马拉雅山脉是世界上最高的山脉。
(The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world.)

森林 (sēnlín)
Meaning: Forest
那片森林里有很多珍稀动植物。
(That forest is home to many rare animals and plants.)

河流 (héliú)
Meaning: River
长江是中国最长的河流。
(The Yangtze River is the longest river in China.)

湖泊 (húpō)
Meaning: Lake
西湖是杭州著名的风景区。
(West Lake is a famous scenic area in Hangzhou.)

海洋 (hǎiyáng)
Meaning: Ocean
保护海洋生态是我们的共同责任。
(Protecting the ocean ecosystem is our common responsibility.)

气候 (qìhòu)
Meaning: Climate
这个地区的气候非常适合种植葡萄。
(The climate in this region is very suitable for grape cultivation.)

空气质量 (kōngqì zhíliàng)
Meaning: Air Quality
今天空气质量很好,适合户外活动。
(The air quality today is good, suitable for outdoor activities.)

土壤 (tǔrǎng)
Meaning: Soil
这片土壤富含矿物质,非常肥沃。
(This soil is rich in minerals and very fertile.)

生态系统 (shēngtài xìtǒng)
Meaning: Ecosystem
我们必须做些什么来保护当地的生态系统。
(We must do something to protect the local ecosystem.)

可持续发展 (kě chíxù fāzhǎn)
Meaning: Sustainable Development
可持续发展是保证未来世代福祉的关键。
(Sustainable development is key to ensuring the well-being of future generations.)

全球变暖 (quánqiú biànnuǎn)
Meaning: Global Warming
全球变暖是一个亟待解决的国际问题。
(Global warming is an urgent international issue that needs to be addressed.)

节能 (jié néng)
Meaning: Energy Saving
政府鼓励企业采取节能措施。
(The government encourages companies to adopt energy-saving measures.)

再生能源 (zàishēng néngyuán)
Meaning: Renewable Energy
太阳能和风能是常见的再生能源形式。
(Solar and wind power are common forms of renewable energy.)

生物多样性 (shēngwù duōyàng xìng)
Meaning: Biodiversity
这片热带雨林具有极高的生物多样性。
(This tropical rainforest has a very high level of biodiversity.)

By incorporating these terms into your vocabulary, not only will you be able to discuss environmental issues in Chinese, but you’ll also gain a deeper appreciation for the culture’s relationship with the natural world. Remember, practicing with native speakers and using these words in context will help you solidify your understanding and improve your language skills. Happy learning!

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