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Nature and Environment Vocabulary in Chinese

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Learning a new language opens a window into a different culture and its connection with the world around it. When it comes to Chinese, mastering vocabulary related to nature and the environment can greatly enhance your ability to engage in conversations and understand the context in which they occur. This article will introduce you to some essential nature and environment-related terms in Chinese, complete with definitions and examples.

自然 (zìrán)
Meaning: Nature
(This place has retained much of its natural beauty.)

环境 (huánjìng)
Meaning: Environment
(We must take action to protect our environment.)

山脉 (shānmài)
Meaning: Mountain Range
(The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world.)

森林 (sēnlín)
Meaning: Forest
(That forest is home to many rare animals and plants.)

河流 (héliú)
Meaning: River
(The Yangtze River is the longest river in China.)

湖泊 (húpō)
Meaning: Lake
(West Lake is a famous scenic area in Hangzhou.)

海洋 (hǎiyáng)
Meaning: Ocean
(Protecting the ocean ecosystem is our common responsibility.)

气候 (qìhòu)
Meaning: Climate
(The climate in this region is very suitable for grape cultivation.)

空气质量 (kōngqì zhíliàng)
Meaning: Air Quality
(The air quality today is good, suitable for outdoor activities.)

土壤 (tǔrǎng)
Meaning: Soil
(This soil is rich in minerals and very fertile.)

生态系统 (shēngtài xìtǒng)
Meaning: Ecosystem
(We must do something to protect the local ecosystem.)

可持续发展 (kě chíxù fāzhǎn)
Meaning: Sustainable Development
(Sustainable development is key to ensuring the well-being of future generations.)

全球变暖 (quánqiú biànnuǎn)
Meaning: Global Warming
(Global warming is an urgent international issue that needs to be addressed.)

节能 (jié néng)
Meaning: Energy Saving
(The government encourages companies to adopt energy-saving measures.)

再生能源 (zàishēng néngyuán)
Meaning: Renewable Energy
(Solar and wind power are common forms of renewable energy.)

生物多样性 (shēngwù duōyàng xìng)
Meaning: Biodiversity
(This tropical rainforest has a very high level of biodiversity.)

By incorporating these terms into your vocabulary, not only will you be able to discuss environmental issues in Chinese, but you’ll also gain a deeper appreciation for the culture’s relationship with the natural world. Remember, practicing with native speakers and using these words in context will help you solidify your understanding and improve your language skills. Happy learning!

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