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Legal Phrases and Vocabulary in Armenian

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Learning a new language opens the door to a multitude of opportunities, including understanding legal terms that can be confusing even in your native tongue. For those studying Armenian or needing to navigate the legal landscape in Armenia, the following phrases and vocabulary will be essential. Here, we’ll explore some common legal terms in Armenian with their definitions and provide example sentences for context.

Իրավաբան (Iravaban) – Lawyer
A legal professional who represents and advises clients on legal matters.
Հարցում եմ հանդիպել իրավաբանին վաղը:
(I am meeting with the lawyer tomorrow.)

Դատարան (Dataran) – Court
An institution where justice is administered.
Դատավորը դատասենյակ է մտել:
(The judge entered the courtroom.)

Վճիռ (Vchir) – Decision
A conclusion or resolution reached by a court.
Դատարանը հաստատեց վճիրը:
(The court has upheld the decision.)

Դատավոր (Datavor) – Judge
A public officer appointed to decide cases in a court of law.
Դատավորը կարդաց պաշտպանի ավագանին:
(The judge read the verdict of the jury.)

Դատական (Dadakan) – Judicial
Related to the courts or the administration of justice.
Դատական համակարգը ներառում է երեք դատական մակարդակ:
(The judicial system includes three levels of courts.)

Հայց (Hayts) – Lawsuit
A claim or dispute brought to a court of law for adjudication.
Նա հայց է բացել իրենց դեմ:
(He filed a lawsuit against them.)

Փաստաթղթեր (Pasdatughter) – Documents
Official papers that can be used to establish facts and information legally.
Խնդրում եմ բերել բոլոր նախնական փաստաթղթերը:
(Please bring all the original documents.)

Քարտուղար (Kartughar) – Prosecutor
A legal representative who formally accuses someone of a crime.
Քարտուղարը պահանջում է պարտադրանք:
(The prosecutor is demanding a sentence.)

Ընդդիմադիր (Enddimadir) – Defendant
An individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.
Ընդդիմադիրը ժխտում է բոլոր մեղադրանքները:
(The defendant denies all charges.)

Կասկածելի (Kaskatseli) – Suspect
A person thought to be guilty of a crime or offense.
Կասկածելի անձինք պարզեցրեցին որ նրանք անմեղ են:
(The suspects proved that they are innocent.)

By familiarizing yourself with these legal terms and phrases in Armenian, you’ll gain a better understanding of the legal system should you need to use it. Remember, like any sector-specific language, legal Armenian can be complex, but with practice, you can become proficient. Whether you’re studying law, working in a legal environment, or just expanding your vocabulary, these terms are an excellent starting point.

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