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Japanese Terms for Business and Commerce

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Learning the language of business is crucial for anyone looking to engage in commerce in Japan or with Japanese companies. Understanding basic Japanese business vocabulary helps in navigating through meetings, negotiations, and daily corporate affairs. Here are some essential Japanese terms for business and commerce.

経済 (けいざい) – Economy
The term for “economy” provides context for discussions about the overall economic environment or conditions.
(Translation: The Japanese economy is currently showing a slow recovery.)

企業 (きぎょう) – Company / Enterprise
Used to refer to a corporation or business, this term is essential in the commercial world.
(Translation: The company is expanding its business internationally.)

商談 (しょうだん) – Business Negotiation
A key part of any business, negotiations often determine the terms of agreements and partnerships.
(Translation: I have an important business negotiation tomorrow.)

契約 (けいやく) – Contract / Agreement
This is the term for legal agreements that bind the parties in business.
(Translation: Please read the details of the contract carefully.)

取引 (とりひき) – Transaction / Deal
This refers to business transactions or deals that companies engage in.
(Translation: The transaction brought significant profits to the company.)

営業 (えいぎょう) – Sales / Business Operations
This term is often used to discuss the sales or operations side of a business.
(Translation: He works in the sales department.)

市場 (しじょう) – Market
Market refers to the demand for products or services and the environment in which they are traded.
(Translation: This product is very popular in the Asian market.)

株式 (かぶしき) – Stock / Shares
The term for share ownership in a company, which is traded on the stock market.
(Translation: He holds several shares of the company.)

利益 (りえき) – Profit
This term denotes the financial gain from business activities, which is key to assessing a business’s performance.
(Translation: This fiscal year achieved a 20% increase in profit compared to the previous year.)

損失 (そんしつ) – Loss
Opposite to profit, this term is used to refer to financial loss in business.
(Translation: The investment resulted in a significant loss.)

経営 (けいえい) – Management / Administration
This refers to the management and administration duties in running a company.
(Translation: He is good at making management decisions.)

競争 (きょうそう) – Competition
The term for the rivalry that exists between businesses in the same industry for market share.
(Translation: It is difficult to succeed in a highly competitive industry.)

マーケティング – Marketing
Referring to the activities associated with promoting and selling products or services.
(Translation: We need to develop a marketing strategy for the new product.)

顧客 (こきゃく) – Customer / Client
Customers are the recipients of the goods or services a business provides.
(Translation: They are very important customers, so let’s prepare thoroughly.)

請求書 (せいきゅうしょ) – Invoice / Bill
A document issued by a seller to a buyer, indicating the products, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services.
(Translation: The invoice will be sent to the customer next week.)

By mastering these Japanese terms for business and commerce, you’ll be better equipped to participate in the Japanese business world and take your commercial interactions to a new level.

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