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Hindi Vocabulary for Political and Social Issues

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Learning a new language opens the door to understanding not only the culture but also the issues that matter most to its speakers. When it comes to Hindi, being able to discuss political and social issues can be particularly empowering. Here’s a selection of Hindi vocabulary that can help you engage in discussions about politics and society, complete with definitions and example sentences.

राजनीति (Rājnītī) – Politics
This term is used to refer to the art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation.

उसने अपनी राजनीति कक्षा में अच्छे अंक प्राप्त किए।

संविधान (Saṅvidhān) – Constitution
The word is used to denote the system of fundamental principles according to which a nation, state, or organization is governed.

भारत का संविधान बहुत विस्तृत है।

लोकतंत्र (Loktāntr) – Democracy
This Hindi term refers to a system of government by the whole population, typically through elected representatives.

लोकतंत्र की मूल भावना जनता का शासन है।

भ्रष्टाचार (Bhraṣṭācār) – Corruption
This is the act of doing something with an intent to give some advantage inconsistent with official duty and the rights of others.

भ्रष्टाचार के खिलाफ आंदोलन समय-समय पर होते रहते हैं।

अधिकार (Adhikār) – Rights
The term focuses on the entitlements and freedoms allowed to an individual, which are often protected by law.

हर व्यक्ति को मूल अधिकार प्राप्त होते हैं।

न्याय (Nyāy) – Justice
Referring to the quality of being just and fair, this term is foundational to law and order discussions.

न्याय की देवी की आँखों पर पट्टी बंधी होती है।

समाजवाद (Samājvād) – Socialism
This political and economic theory advocates for the means of production, distribution, and exchange to be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

समाजवाद का उद्देश्य समानता स्थापित करना है।

उम्मीदवार (Ummīdvār) – Candidate
A person who applies for a job or is nominated or stands for an election.

उम्मीदवारों ने चुनाव प्रचार में पूरी ताकत लगा दी।

चुनाव (Cunāv) – Election
The formal process through which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.

चुनाव के दौरान हर स्थान पर कड़ी सुरक्षा होती है।

असमानता (Asamānatā) – Inequality
A term used to describe an unequal distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society.

सरकार असमानता को दूर करने के लिए कानून ले कर आई है।

प्रदर्शन (Pradarśan) – Protest
The act of making a strong public expression of objection or disapproval.

प्रदर्शन के दौरान उन्होंने नारे लगाए।

विधेयक (Vidheyak) – Bill
A draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion.

विधेयक को संसद में पारित किया गया।

मतदान (Matadān) – Voting
The action of casting a vote to elect someone to an official position or to decide on an issue.

मतदान सबका आवश्यक नागरिक कर्तव्य है।

सामाजिक न्याय (Sāmājik Nyāy) – Social Justice
It involves creating a society or institution based on the concepts of equality and solidarity, that understands and values human rights.

सामाजिक न्याय से ही विकास सम्भव है।

Mastering these terms will not only help you in following the latest political developments and social changes in Hindi-speaking regions but will also provide you with the language needed to partake in meaningful discussions. Whether you’re a student of the Hindi language, a concerned citizen, or an avid follower of global issues, these words are a key part of your vocabulary arsenal.

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