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Hindi Phrases for Agricultural and Rural Settings

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India’s heart lies in its villages, and agriculture is the soul of its economy. For anyone looking to work, travel, or engage with rural India, knowing certain Hindi phrases pertaining to agriculture can be immensely helpful. Here we will explore several Hindi phrases that are commonly used in agricultural and rural settings.

Khet (खेत) – Field
This word is used to describe a piece of land where crops are cultivated.
कल मैं खेत में गेहूं बो रहा था। (Kal main khet mein gehun bo raha tha.) – Yesterday, I was sowing wheat in the field.

Beej (बीज) – Seed
A small object produced by a plant from which a new plant can grow.
इस साल हमने नए बीज खरीदे हैं। (Is saal humne naye beej kharide hain.) – This year we have bought new seeds.

Fasal (फसल) – Crop
The term used for plants grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes.
मौसम के कारण इस बार फसल अच्छी हुई है। (Mausam ke karan is baar fasal achhi hui hai.) – Because of the weather, the crop yield is good this time.

Kisaan (किसान) – Farmer
A person engaged in the activity of growing crops and raising livestock.
किसान खेत में काम कर रहे हैं। (Kisaan khet mein kaam kar rahe hain.) – The farmers are working in the field.

Tractor (ट्रैक्टर) – Tractor
A motor vehicle specifically designed for use in farming and other agricultural tasks.
ट्रैक्टर से खेत जोतना आसान होता है। (Tractor se khet jotna aasan hota hai.) – Ploughing the field with a tractor is easier.

Sinchaai (सिंचाई) – Irrigation
The process of supplying water to crops to help them grow.
सिंचाई की वजह से खेत हरे-भरे हैं। (Sinchaai ki wajah se khet hare-bhare hain.) – Due to irrigation, the fields are lush green.

Khad (खाद) – Fertilizer
A substance that is added to soil to enhance its fertility and maximize the growth of plants.
इस खेत में जैविक खाद का इस्तेमाल होता है। (Is khet mein jaivik khad ka istemal hota hai.) – Organic fertilizer is used in this field.

Parali (पराली) – Stubble/Straw
The dead and dry stalks of cereal plants, left sticking out of the ground after the grain is harvested.
पराली जलाना पर्यावरण के लिए हानिकारक है। (Parali jalana paryavaran ke liye hanikarak hai.) – Burning stubble is harmful to the environment.

Hal (हल) – Plough
A traditional farming tool used for tillage or turning the soil before sowing seed or planting.
हल से खेत तैयार कर रहे हैं। (Hal se khet taiyar kar rahe hain.) – They are preparing the field with a plough.

Mandi (मंडी) – Wholesale Market/Marketplace
A market for bulk buying and selling of agricultural commodities.
आज मंडी में टमाटर की कीमत ज़्यादा थी। (Aaj mandi mein tamatar ki keemat zyada thi.) – Today, the price of tomatoes was high in the market.

Mausam (मौसम) – Weather
Refers to the atmospheric conditions that influence farming activities.
इस मौसम में बारिश की संभावना कम है। (Is mausam mein barish ki sambhavna kam hai.) – There is less chance of rain in this season.

Understanding these terms and phrases can help facilitate better communication and a deeper appreciation for the agrarian lifestyle in India. Learning rural vocabulary serves not only practical purposes but also helps forge cultural ties and respect for the traditions that feed a nation.

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