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Chinese Terms for Basic Emotions

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When learning a new language, understanding the words for basic emotions can greatly improve your ability to express yourself and connect with others. In Chinese, there are unique terms for the emotions we all commonly experience. Here are some of the crucial Chinese terms for basic emotions, complete with their definitions and example sentences to help you grasp the context in which they can be used.

高兴 (gāo xìng) – Happy, joyful.
Translation: She was very happy after receiving the gift.

悲伤 (bēi shāng) – Sad, sorrowful.
Translation: He became very sad when he heard that news.

愤怒 (fèn nù) – Angry, enraged.
Translation: He felt very angry when he discovered his phone was lost.

害怕 (hài pà) – Afraid, scared.
Translation: The children felt scared in the dark.

惊讶 (jīng yà) – Surprised, astonished.
Translation: She was very surprised by the sudden pleasant surprise.

厌烦 (yàn fán) – Annoyed, fed up.
Translation: He was annoyed by the repetitive questions.

尴尬 (gān gà) – Embarrassed, awkward.
Translation: Falling down in front of everyone made her feel very embarrassed.

失望 (shī wàng) – Disappointed, let down.
Translation: He felt very disappointed that he didn’t pass the exam.

紧张 (jǐn zhāng) – Nervous, tense.
Translation: She is feeling very nervous about the interview tomorrow.

兴奋 (xīng fèn) – Excited, thrilled.
Translation: The children were very excited to hear that they were going to the amusement park.

感激 (gǎn jī) – Grateful, thankful.
Translation: He was very grateful for her help.

忧郁 (yōu yù) – Melancholic, depressed.
Translation: He became somewhat melancholic since he lost his job.

同情 (tóng qíng) – Sympathetic, compassionate.
Translation: We should be sympathetic towards those unfortunate people.

满足 (mǎn zú) – Satisfied, content.
Translation: He felt very satisfied after a day of work.

Having these words in your vocabulary arsenal will certainly enrich your conversations in Chinese, allowing you to express emotions accurately. Remember that language is not just about grammar and vocabulary; it is also about conveying feelings and connecting with others on an emotional level. Keep practicing and immerse yourself in the language as much as possible to intuitively learn the application of these emotional terms in everyday contexts.

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