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Basic Words for Home and Household Items in Japanese

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Learning a new language can be an exhilarating and challenging experience. One of the most practical ways to start is by familiarizing yourself with essential vocabulary related to everyday life. In this case, we’re focusing on Japanese words that pertain to home and household items. By learning these foundational words, you’ll be well on your way to having conversations about your living space in Japanese.

家 (いえ) – Ie
Definition: Home or house.
私の家は駅の近くです。
Translation: My home is near the station.

部屋 (へや) – Heya
Definition: Room.
この部屋はとても広いですね。
Translation: This room is very spacious, isn’t it?

台所 (だいどころ) – Daidokoro
Definition: Kitchen.
台所でお母さんが夕食を作っています。
Translation: Mom is making dinner in the kitchen.

風呂 (ふろ) – Furo
Definition: Bath or bathroom.
風呂を沸かしています。
Translation: I’m heating the bath.

トイレ – Toire
Definition: Toilet.
トイレはどこですか?
Translation: Where is the toilet?

寝室 (しんしつ) – Shinshitsu
Definition: Bedroom.
私の寝室は2階にあります。
Translation: My bedroom is on the second floor.

リビングルーム – Ribingurūmu
Definition: Living room.
リビングルームでテレビを見ています。
Translation: I’m watching TV in the living room.

家具 (かぐ) – Kagu
Definition: Furniture.
新しい家具を買いました。
Translation: I bought new furniture.

ベッド – Beddo
Definition: Bed.
新しいベッドが快適です。
Translation: The new bed is comfortable.

机 (つくえ) – Tsukue
Definition: Desk.
机の上に本がたくさんあります。
Translation: There are a lot of books on the desk.

椅子 (いす) – Isu
Definition: Chair.
椅子をもう一つ持ってきてください。
Translation: Please bring one more chair.

冷蔵庫 (れいぞうこ) – Reizouko
Definition: Refrigerator.
冷蔵庫に牛乳はありますか?
Translation: Is there milk in the refrigerator?

洗濯機 (せんたくき) – Sentakuki
Definition: Washing machine.
洗濯機を回している最中です。
Translation: I’m in the middle of running the washing machine.

電子レンジ (でんしレンジ) – Denshi renji
Definition: Microwave oven.
電子レンジでご飯を温めてください。
Translation: Please warm up the rice in the microwave.

窓 (まど) – Mado
Definition: Window.
窓から綺麗な景色が見えます。
Translation: You can see a beautiful view from the window.

By starting with these basic home and household items in Japanese, you’ll begin to build the vocabulary necessary to describe your living space and daily home activities. The more you practice these words, the closer you’ll be to feeling confident in holding conversations about your home in Japanese. Remember to practice regularly, and don’t be afraid to use what you’ve learned in conversation with native speakers!

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