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Academic and research vocabulary in Finnish

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Learning a new language can be challenging and exhilarating at the same time, especially when delving into specialized vocabulary used in academic and research contexts. Finnish, with its unique structure and nuanced meanings, offers a world of words that are essential for anyone aiming to engage with scholarly texts or contribute to research in Finnish. Understanding and using these terms correctly is not only critical for communication but also for capturing the subtlety and depth of academic discussions. Here are some key terms that you might encounter or need when dealing with academic texts or engaging in research in Finnish.

Tutkimus
Tutkimus means “research” or “study” in Finnish. It is a general term used for any scholarly investigation or inquiry in a specific field.
Tämä tutkimus keskittyy ilmastonmuutoksen vaikutuksiin Pohjoismaissa.

Kirjallisuuskatsaus
Kirjallisuuskatsaus means “literature review.” It is an essential part of many research projects and dissertations, where previous literature on a topic is surveyed and analyzed.
Opinnäytteeni ensimmäinen luku on laaja kirjallisuuskatsaus asiasta.

Teoria
Teoria translates to “theory,” a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained.
Tämä teoria on yleisesti hyväksytty selittämään ekosysteemien toimintaa.

Hypoteesi
Hypoteesi is the Finnish word for “hypothesis,” a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation.
Tutkijat esittivät hypoteesin, jota he aikovat testata seuraavassa kokeessaan.

Metodologia
Metodologia means “methodology,” the system of methods used in a particular area of study or activity.
Tutkimuksen metodologia on selitetty yksityiskohtaisesti toisessa luvussa.

Data
Data is a loanword from English and refers to facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.
Keräämme dataa kyselylomakkeen avulla.

Analyysi
Analyysi translates to “analysis,” a detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.
Tutkijat suorittavat analyysin kerätystä datasta.

Tulokset
Tulokset means “results” or “findings.” It refers to the outcomes of an investigation or research.
Tutkimuksen tulokset julkistetaan kansainvälisessä konferenssissa.

Päätelmät
Päätelmät is the Finnish term for “conclusions,” the judgments or decisions reached by reasoning.
Raportin viimeisessä osassa esitetään tutkimuksen päätelmät.

Viite
Viite translates to “reference” or “citation,” and it denotes a mention of a source of information.
Jokaiselle lähteelle tulee antaa asianmukainen viite.

Esitelmä
Esitelmä is the word for a “lecture” or “presentation,” often given on an academic subject.
Professori pitää esitelmän kvanttifysiikan uusimmista löydöistä.

Konferenssi
Konferenssi means “conference,” a large official meeting where people discuss their work, research, or an important subject.
Osallistumme vuotuiseen konferenssiin esittelemään tutkimusprojektiamme.

Abstrakti
Abstrakti is equivalent to “abstract,” a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, or other long report on a subject or event.
Luin artikkelin abstraktin ja päätin tutustua koko tutkimukseen.

Understanding and effectively using this academic and research vocabulary will not only help you in reading and comprehending Finnish scholarly works but also in producing your own research content if that’s a goal of yours. Finnish language learners who aim to be involved in academic circles will find mastering these terms indispensable for their intellectual pursuits. Remember, language learning is a journey, and every new term you master takes you one step closer to fluency. Keep practicing, and don’t be afraid to engage with real academic texts to see these words in context!

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