Relative Adverbs in Urdu Grammar

Understanding Relative Adverbs in Urdu Grammar

In this article, we will explore the concept of relative adverbs in Urdu grammar, their various forms, usage, and importance. By the end of this comprehensive guide, you will have gained a solid understanding of how relative adverbs function in the Urdu language and their contribution to overall sentence structure and meaning.

Defining Relative Adverbs

Relative adverbs, or “اضافی ربط,” are a distinct category of adverbs in Urdu grammar that serve to connect and create relationships between different elements within a sentence. These adverbs function as linking words, enabling the formation of meaningful and complex ideas in written or spoken form.

Forms of Relative Adverbs in Urdu

The relative adverbs in Urdu grammar come in various forms, each with its specific purpose and function in the language. Let us look at the most common types of relative adverbs:

  1. Jahan (جہاں) – This relative adverb translates to “where” in English and is utilized to indicate a location or place.
  2. Jab (جب) – Equivalent to “when” in English, Jab is employed to express time or bring attention to a specific moment or event.
  3. Jis Tarah (جس طرح) – This phrase functions as a relative adverb meaning “in the way that” or “as” in English, and it is used to explain a manner or method.
  4. Kyun (کیوں) – The Urdu equivalent of “why”, Kyun is employed to pose a question concerning the reason or cause behind a particular action or occurrence.

Usage of Relative Adverbs in Sentences

To gain a better understanding of the application of relative adverbs in Urdu grammar, let us study some examples:

  • Jahan: میں جہاں رہتا ہوں، وہاں موسم خوشگوار ہوتا ہے – “Where I live, the weather is pleasant.”
  • Jab: جب میں نے اس کا خط پڑھا تو میں بہت خوش تھا – “When I read her letter, I was very happy.”
  • Jis Tarah: جس طرح تم کام کرتے ہو، ویسے ہی نتائج ملیں گے – “The results will be as per the way you work.”
  • Kyun: وہ کیوں رو رہا تھا؟ – “Why was he crying?”

The Importance of Relative Adverbs in Urdu Grammar

Relative adverbs play a crucial role in Urdu grammar, as they perform the essential function of connecting various components within a sentence and allowing for more intricate and detailed expressions. Mastering them is vital to achieving fluency in the Urdu language and ensuring that one can effectively convey thoughts and ideas in both spoken and written forms.


In summary, relative adverbs in Urdu grammar, such as Jahan, Jab, Jis Tarah, and Kyun, are fundamental elements that serve to create connections and relationships between various sentence components. By understanding their various forms, usage, and significance, one can achieve proficiency in the Urdu language, thereby effectively communicating complex and meaningful thoughts.