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Weather and seasonal terms in Arabic

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Arabic, being a rich and descriptive language, offers a diverse range of vocabulary to talk about the weather and the seasons. In this article, we’ll take a deep dive into some of the most common weather and seasonal terms in Arabic.

طقس (taqs) – Weather
The general term for weather in Arabic is طقس. It encompasses all weather phenomena.
كيف حال الطقس اليوم؟
(How is the weather today?)

موسم (mawsim) – Season
موسم is used to describe a particular season of the year.
أي موسم نحن فيه الآن؟
(What season are we in now?)

صيف (sayf) – Summer
Summertime, when the weather is usually hot, is called صيف.
أنا أحب الذهاب إلى الشاطئ في الصيف.
(I like going to the beach in the summer.)

شتاء (shitaa’) – Winter
Winter, known for its cold weather, is referred to as شتاء.
يتساقط الثلج في الشتاء.
(Snow falls in the winter.)

ربيع (rabee’) – Spring
Springtime, a season characterized by growth and mild weather, is called ربيع.
الورود تتفتح في الربيع.
(Flowers bloom in the spring.)

خريف (khareef) – Autumn/Fall
The season when leaves fall and the weather becomes cooler is خريف.
أوراق الشجر تتحول إلى اللون البرتقالي في الخريف.
(Leaves turn orange in the autumn.)

حار (haar) – Hot
حار is used to describe a high-temperature condition.
الجو حار جداً اليوم.
(The weather is very hot today.)

بارد (baareed) – Cold
بارد is the term used for low-temperature conditions.
لا تنسى ارتداء معطفك، الجو بارد خارجاً.
(Don’t forget to wear your coat; it’s cold outside.)

معتدل (mu’tadil) – Mild/Moderate
The word معتدل describes conditions that are neither too hot nor too cold.
الجو معتدل في فصل الربيع.
(The weather is mild in the spring.)

غائم (ghaa’em) – Cloudy
Cloudy weather, when the sky is covered with clouds, is referred to as غائم.
السماء غائمة اليوم وقد يمطر.
(The sky is cloudy today and it might rain.)

مشمس (mushmis) – Sunny
When there is plenty of sunshine, the day is described as مشمس.
السماء صافية واليوم مشمس.
(The sky is clear, and it is a sunny day.)

ممطر (mumtir) – Rainy
A day with rainfall is known as ممطر.
يُنصح بحمل مظلة في يوم ممطر.
(It’s advisable to carry an umbrella on a rainy day.)

مغبر (mughbar) – Dusty
A dusty atmosphere, often due to winds carrying sand and dirt, is called مغبر.
تجنب الخروج اليوم، الجو مغبر.
(Avoid going out today; it is dusty.)

ثلج (thalj) – Snow
ثلج refers to snow, the precipitation in the form of ice crystals.
الأطفال يلعبون بكرات الثلج في الخارج.
(Children are playing with snowballs outside.)

جليد (jaleed) – Ice
جليد means ice, which forms when water freezes.
الطرقات زلقة بسبب الجليد.
(The roads are slippery because of the ice.)

Learning these terms can greatly enhance your ability to talk about the weather and seasons in Arabic, making your conversations richer and more precise. As with any language learning, practice is key, so try to use these words in your daily conversations as much as possible.

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