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Swedish vocabulary concerning religion and spirituality

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Understanding the language of a particular cultural aspect of a country can be both fascinating and enlightening. Religion and spirituality form an integral part of Swedish society, and thus, knowledge of the related vocabulary is useful for anyone looking to understand or integrate into Swedish culture, or simply to expand their language skills. Below is a curated list of important Swedish vocabulary concerning religion and spirituality, complete with definitions and example sentences.

Definition: Faith or belief
Han utövar sin tro varje dag.
(He practices his faith every day.)

Definition: Religion, a particular system of faith and worship
Vilken religion tillhör du?
(Which religion do you belong to?)

Definition: Spirituality, relating to the human spirit or soul as opposed to material or physical things
Hon utforskar sin andlighet genom meditation.
(She explores her spirituality through meditation.)

Definition: Church, a building used for Christian worship
De gifte sig i en gammal vacker kyrka.
(They got married in an old beautiful church.)

Definition: Mosque, a Muslim place of worship
Det är dags för aftonbön i moskén.
(It is time for the evening prayer in the mosque.)

Definition: Synagogue, a Jewish house of worship
Varje lördag går de till synagogan.
(Every Saturday, they go to the synagogue.)

Definition: Temple, a building devoted to the worship, or regarded as the dwelling place, of a god or gods or other objects of religious reverence
Många reser till templet för att söka välsignelse.
(Many travel to the temple to seek blessings.)

Definition: Worship service, a religious meeting where people come to worship God
Gudstjänsten på söndag är kl. 10 på morgonen.
(The worship service on Sunday is at 10 in the morning.)

Definition: Prayer, a solemn request for help or expression of thanks addressed to God
Hon säger en bön varje kväll före sängdags.
(She says a prayer every night before bedtime.)

Definition: Holy or sacred
Denna plats anses vara helig för många troende.
(This place is considered holy by many believers.)

Definition: Believer, a person who has religious faith
Troende från olika religioner samlades för en interreligiös dialog.
(Believers from different religions gathered for an interfaith dialogue.)

Definition: God, the singular deity in monotheistic religions or one of the deities in polytheistic religions
De bad till Gud om guidning.
(They prayed to God for guidance.)

Definition: Angel, a spiritual being believed to act as a messenger of God
Inom kristendomen bär en ängel ofta budskap från himlen.
(In Christianity, an angel often carries messages from heaven.)

Definition: Saint, a person acknowledged as holy or virtuous and typically regarded as being in heaven after death
Helgonet firas årligen på hans helgondag.
(The saint is celebrated annually on his feast day.)

Definition: A belief that spirits of the dead have the ability to communicate with the living
Hon anser att spiritualism erbjuder en tröst när man sörjer.
(She believes that spiritualism offers comfort in mourning.)

Definition: Meditation, a practice where an individual uses a technique to focus their mind on a particular object, thought, or activity
Meditation används ofta som en form av stresshantering.
(Meditation is often used as a form of stress management.)

Definition: Karma, in religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, the sum of a person’s actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as affecting their future fates
Många tror på att goda gärningar ger positiv karma.
(Many believe that good deeds result in positive karma.)

By familiarizing yourself with these Swedish terms, you can enhance your understanding of how Swedes express religious and spiritual concepts. Whether you’re engaging in a conversation, attending a service, or exploring the cultural heritage of Sweden, this vocabulary will enrich your language learning journey and cultural insight.

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