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Medical Terms and Health-Related Words in Bosnian

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Learning a new language often necessitates an understanding of a wide range of vocabulary, including terms related to health and medicine. This is especially true if you are planning to visit or live in a country where the language is spoken, or work in a field where such knowledge is pertinent. Bosnian is a South Slavic language spoken primarily in Bosnia and Herzegovina but also in some parts of Serbia and Croatia. In this article, we will cover some common medical terms and health-related words in Bosnian, complete with definitions and example sentences to help with your learning process.

Ljekar – Doctor, a medical professional qualified to practice medicine.
Moj ljekar je rekao da trebam prestati pušiti.

Ambulanta – Clinic, a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.
Idem u ambulantu da uradim krvne testove.

Bolnica – Hospital, a health facility where patients receive treatment from specialized staff and equipment.
Nakon nesreće, odvezen je u najbližu bolnicu.

Apotheka – Pharmacy, a shop where medicinal drugs are dispensed and sold.
Moraš otići u apoteku da kupiš svoje lijekove.

Bolest – Disease, an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism.
Naučnici svakodnevno rade na pronalaženju lijeka za nove bolesti.

Lijek – Medicine, any substance used to treat, cure, or prevent disease or other conditions.
Uzimaj svoj lijek tri puta dnevno nakon obroka.

Simptom – Symptom, a physical or mental feature that indicates a condition or disease.
Glavobolja može biti simptom prehlade ili gripa.

Pregled – Examination, a thorough inspection or analysis of a patient’s condition by a physician.
Imaću pregled kod doktora iduće sedmice.

Vakcina – Vaccine, a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular infectious disease.
Djeca moraju primiti vakcinu prije početka školske godine.

Kirurgija – Surgery, the branch of medicine that deals with the physical manipulation of a bodily structure to diagnose, prevent, or cure an ailment.
Nakon kirurgije, pacijentu je potreban odmor i rehabilitacija.

Rana – Wound, an injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact.
Dezinficirajte ranu prije nego što stavite zavoj.

Hitna pomoć – Emergency service, medical service provided in cases of acute illness or injury that require immediate care.
Pozvali smo hitnu pomoć nakon što je pao niz stepenice.

Terapija – Therapy, treatment intended to relieve or heal a disorder.
Potrebna mu je fizikalna terapija za oporavak od povrede.

Diagnoza – Diagnosis, the identification of the nature and cause of an illness.
Liječnik će postaviti diagnozu nakon što rezultati testova budu gotovi.

Zdrav – Healthy, the state of being free from illness or injury.
Važno je da jedemo zdravu hranu kako bismo ostali zdravi.

Zaraza – Infection, the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within the body.
Moramo prati ruke da spriječimo širenje zaraze.

By familiarizing yourself with these key medical terms and health-related words in Bosnian, you can improve your language skills and better navigate situations where medical communication is essential. Whether you are a student, professional, or simply someone interested in health and medicine, knowing this vocabulary can be extremely beneficial.

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