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Legal Hindi: Basic Vocabulary for Law Related Matters

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Language learners often find themselves needing to understand specialized vocabularies of various fields. For those learning Hindi and having an interest in legal matters, knowing basic legal vocabulary is essential. Here’s a guide to some fundamental Hindi legal terms that will help you navigate law-related conversations.

वकील (Vakeel) – Lawyer
A legal professional who represents clients in court and provides legal advice.
मुझे एक अच्छे वकील की जरूरत है। (Mujhe ek acche vakeel ki zaroorat hai.) – I need a good lawyer.

कानून (Kanoon) – Law
The system of rules that a country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members.
कानून के अनुसार, हर किसी को समान अधिकार प्राप्त हैं। (Kanoon ke anusar, har kisi ko samaan adhikaar praapt hain.) – According to the law, everyone has equal rights.

मुकदमा (Mukadma) – Lawsuit
A claim or dispute brought to a court of law for adjudication.
उन्होंने कंपनी पर मुकदमा किया। (Unhone company par mukadma kiya.) – They filed a lawsuit against the company.

संविधान (Samvidhan) – Constitution
The fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state is acknowledged to be governed.
भारत का संविधान विश्व का सबसे बड़ा लिखित संविधान है। (Bharat ka samvidhan vishwa ka sabse bada likhit samvidhan hai.) – India’s constitution is the world’s largest written constitution.

अधिकार (Adhikaar) – Right
A moral or legal entitlement to have or obtain something or to act in a certain way.
शिक्षा सभी का मौलिक अधिकार है। (Shiksha sabhi ka maulik adhikaar hai.) – Education is everyone’s fundamental right.

धारा (Dhaara) – Section
A distinct set of provisions within a legal document or piece of legislation.
धारा 377 को भारतीय उच्चतम न्यायालय ने अवैध घोषित किया। (Dhaara 377 ko Bhartiya Uchtam Nyayalay ne avaidh ghoshit kiya.) – Section 377 was declared illegal by the Supreme Court of India.

न्यायालय (Nyayalay) – Court
The place where legal trials and hearings are conducted.
उन्होंने न्यायालय में अपील दर्ज की। (Unhone nyayalay mein appeal darj ki.) – They filed an appeal in court.

सजा (Saza) – Punishment
A penalty imposed on someone as retribution for an offense.
जज ने अपराधी को सजा सुनाई। (Jaj ne apradhi ko saza sunai.) – The judge sentenced the criminal to punishment.

गवाह (Gawah) – Witness
A person who sees an event, typically a crime or accident, take place.
गवाह ने अदालत में अपनी गवाही दी। (Gawah ne adalat mein apni gawahi di.) – The witness gave his testimony in court.

अपील (Apeel) – Appeal
The process of applying to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
अभियुक्त ने अपनी सजा के खिलाफ उच्चतम न्यायालय में अपील की। (Abhiyukt ne apni saza ke khilaf uchhtam nyayalay mein apeel ki.) – The accused appealed against his sentence in the Supreme Court.

Understanding and using these basic legal Hindi terms can greatly aid in comprehending the intricacies of law-related matters, especially for those who aspire to learn Hindi for professional or personal development in the field of law.

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