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Korean Vocabulary for Engineering and Construction

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Learning Korean can be a thrilling adventure, especially for professionals looking to expand their work opportunities in sectors like engineering and construction. As Korea continues to make significant contributions to global infrastructure and technology, understanding the specific vocabulary within these fields is becoming increasingly important. Here’s a list of essential engineering and construction Korean vocabulary to help get you started:

공학 (gonghak) – Engineering
This is a general term for the discipline involving the application of science and mathematics to solve problems and design structures or processes.
그는 서울대학교에서 공학을 전공했습니다.

건설 (geonseol) – Construction
Refers to the process of building or assembling infrastructure.
이 지역에 새 건물 건설이 시작되었다.

기계 (gigye) – Machine/Machinery
Denotes any mechanical apparatus or device that applies energy to perform a particular task.
기계는 공장에서 중요한 역할을 합니다.

토목 공학 (tomok gonghak) – Civil Engineering
A branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment.
그는 토목 공학 프로젝트에 많은 시간을 할애했습니다.

전기 공학 (jeongi gonghak) – Electrical Engineering
The field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
우리 회사는 전기 공학 분야의 새로운 연구에 투자하고 있다.

구조 (gujo) – Structure
Refers to something made up of interrelated parts forming a complex or unitary whole, such as buildings or bridges.
이 구조는 지진에 견딜 수 있도록 설계되었다.

설계 (seolgye) – Design/Plan
Involves the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object or a system.
우리는 새 공원의 설계를 마쳤습니다.

재료 (jaeryo) – Material
Substances used in the production of other goods, in this case, materials used in building structures, such as concrete, steel, wood, etc.
이 건물은 내구성이 강한 재료로 지어졌습니다.

시공 (sigong) – Construction Work
Specifically refers to the work associated with constructing a building or infrastructure.
시공 팀은 오늘 아침부터 작업을 시작했다.

안전 (anjeon) – Safety
A condition of being safe from harm or danger. Safety is a critical concern in the field of engineering and construction.
안전은 건설 현장에서 가장 중요한 요소입니다.

감리 (gamri) – Supervision/Inspection
The act of supervising or inspecting often performed by an engineer or a professional to ensure that a construction project meets the required standards.
감리 엔지니어는 매일 현장을 검사합니다.

프로젝트 관리 (peurojekteu gwallye) – Project Management
The practice of leading the work of a team to achieve goals and meet success criteria at the specified time. Project management is crucial in construction to ensure projects are completed on time and within budget.
프로젝트 관리는 효율적인 작업을 위해 필요합니다.

By incorporating these terms into your language learning routine, you’ll begin to build a strong foundation of Korean engineering and construction vocabulary. Whether you’re a professional in the field looking to work in Korea or simply interested in expanding your technical language skills, these words will serve as stepping stones to deeper proficiency and understanding. Remember, learning a language is a process, and every new word learned is progress made. 화이팅 (hwaiting) – You can do it!

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