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Korean Medical Terms for Healthcare

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Learning Korean medical terms is essential for healthcare professionals working in Korean-speaking regions, or when interacting with Korean-speaking patients. Below are some key medical terms in Korean, complete with definitions and example sentences.

의사 (ui-sa) – Doctor
A physician or a medical doctor.
제 의사는 친절합니다. – My doctor is kind.

간호사 (gan-ho-sa) – Nurse
A healthcare professional who is trained to care for the sick or infirm, especially in a hospital.
간호사가 환자를 돌보고 있습니다. – The nurse is taking care of the patient.

(yak) – Medicine
Drugs or substances used to treat and cure diseases.
제가 어제 약을 사러 약국에 갔어요. – I went to the pharmacy to buy medicine yesterday.

진료 (jin-ryo) – Medical Examination/Treatment
The process of examining and treating a patient.
저는 내일 오후에 진료 받기로 했습니다. – I have a medical examination/treatment scheduled for tomorrow afternoon.

병원 (byeong-won) – Hospital
A healthcare institution providing patient treatment with specialized staff and equipment.
병원에 가기 위해 택시를 불렀어요. – I called a taxi to go to the hospital.

수술 (su-sul) – Surgery
The treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation, especially with instruments.
그녀는 오늘 수술을 받았습니다. – She underwent surgery today.

진단 (jin-dan) – Diagnosis
The identification of the nature and cause of an illness or injury.
의사는 빠른 진단을 내렸습니다. – The doctor made a quick diagnosis.

처방 (cheo-bang) – Prescription
A piece of paper on which a doctor writes the details of the medicine or drugs that someone needs.
약사는 처방전을 보고 약을 준비했습니다. – The pharmacist prepared the medication according to the prescription.

증상 (jeung-sang) – Symptom
A physical or mental feature that is regarded as indicating a condition of disease.
의사는 제 증상을 자세히 들어보셨어요. – The doctor listened carefully to my symptoms.

응급실 (eung-geup-sil) – Emergency Room
The section of a hospital specializing in the treatment of severe or life-threatening conditions.
응급실에 사람이 많이 있었어요. – There were a lot of people in the emergency room.

치료 (chi-ryo) – Treatment/Therapy
The management and care of a patient to combat disease or disorder.
치료가 잘 진행되고 있습니다. – The treatment is going well.

백신 (baek-sin) – Vaccine
A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases.
모든 아이들에게 백신 접종이 필요합니다. – All children need to be vaccinated.

감염 (gam-yeom) – Infection
The process of infecting or the state of being infected with a pathogen.
손을 자주 씻으면 감염 위험을 줄일 수 있어요. – Washing your hands often can reduce the risk of infection.

혈압 (hyeol-ap) – Blood Pressure
The pressure of the blood in the circulatory system.
의사는 제 혈압을 측정했습니다. – The doctor measured my blood pressure.

알레르기 (al-leo-gi) – Allergy
An immune system reaction to a foreign substance that’s not typically harmful to your body.
저는 봄철에 꽃가루 알레르기가 있어요. – I have pollen allergies in the spring.

Understanding these terms can greatly improve communication between healthcare professionals and patients, ensuring both clarity and quality of care. Familiarity with these words can also be beneficial for anyone studying Korean or interested in the medical field.

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