German Terms in Banking and Finance

Learning the language of finance is as essential as understanding numbers when dealing with banking and finance in Germany. Here are several key German terms used in this sector along with their definitions and example sentences to enhance your financial vocabulary.

Konto
Meaning: Account. A Konto is where financial transactions are recorded, typically kept by a financial institution.
Ich habe gestern ein neues Konto bei der Bank eröffnet.

Überweisung
Meaning: Transfer. An Überweisung refers to an electronic or physical movement of money from one account to another.
Ich muss noch eine Überweisung an meinen Vermieter tätigen.

Girokonto
Meaning: Checking account/current account. This type of account, a Girokonto, is used for day-to-day banking transactions.
Mein Gehalt wird direkt auf mein Girokonto überwiesen.

Sparbuch
Meaning: Savings book. Traditional form of a savings account in Germany, where transactions are logged in a physical booklet.
Meine Großmutter hat mir ihr altes Sparbuch gezeigt.

Zinsen
Meaning: Interest. Zinsen are the cost of borrowing money or the reward for saving money.
Wie hoch sind die Zinsen für ein Langzeitsparkonto?

Darlehen / Kredit
Meaning: Loan. A Darlehen or Kredit is money borrowed that is expected to be paid back with interest.
Ich habe bei der Bank einen Kredit aufgenommen, um mein Studium zu finanzieren.

Hypothek
Meaning: Mortgage. A Hypothek is a loan specifically for purchasing property, which the property then secures.
Wir bezahlen die Hypothek für unser Haus jeden Monat.

Wertpapiere
Meaning: Securities. Wertpapiere are financial instruments that hold some type of financial value, such as stocks or bonds.
Ich habe in verschiedene Wertpapiere investiert, um mein Portfolio zu diversifizieren.

Aktien
Meaning: Stocks. Aktien represent shares in the ownership of a company.
Die Aktien des Unternehmens sind nach der Ankündigung gestiegen.

Anleihen
Meaning: Bonds. Anleihen are debt securities issued by entities to finance projects or operations.
Die Regierung hat neue Anleihen ausgegeben, um Infrastrukturprojekte zu finanzieren.

Portfolio
Meaning: Portfolio. This term is used to describe the collection of all investments held by an individual or institution.
Ich überprüfe mein Portfolio regelmäßig, um sicherzustellen, dass es gut diversifiziert ist.

Dividende
Meaning: Dividend. Dividende is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.
Dieses Jahr erwarte ich eine höhere Dividende wegen der guten Geschäftslage.

Bilanz
Meaning: Balance Sheet. A financial statement that summarizes a company’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity.
Der Geschäftsführer hat die Bilanz des letzten Quartals präsentiert.

Steuererklärung
Meaning: Tax Return. A document filed with the tax authorities reporting income, expenses, and other relevant financial information.
Ich muss meine Steuererklärung bis Ende Juli einreichen.

Brutto
Meaning: Gross. Refers to the total before any deductions, such as taxes or other contributions.
Mein Bruttoeinkommen ist dieses Jahr gestiegen.

Netto
Meaning: Net. This is what remains after all deductions have been taken from the gross amount.
Nach Abzug der Steuern beträgt mein Nettogehalt 2.500 Euro.

Mastering these terms will certainly provide you with a better grasp of German banking and finance language, and help you navigate financial discussions with confidence. Remember, practice and regular use of these terms in context will improve both your vocabulary and your understanding of financial matters.

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