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Expressions for Courtesies and Politeness in Hindi

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Language is not just about grammar and vocabulary; it reflects the culture and manners of its speakers. Hindi, like many other languages, is rich in expressions that convey respect, courtesy, and politeness. Mastering these phrases can significantly improve your interaction with Hindi speakers. Let’s delve into some common expressions that are central to courteous communication in Hindi.

Dhanyavaad
Dhanyavaad means “thank you.” It’s a formal way to express gratitude and is often heard in Hindi-speaking regions.

Aapka bahut dhanyavaad, aapne mujhe samay par shayad ki.

Shukriya
Shukriya is an Urdu word that has been seamlessly adopted into Hindi and carries the same meaning as Dhanyavaad: “thank you.” It is often used informally.

Shukriya, tumne meri kitab lautadi.

Kripaya
Kripaya translates to “please” in English. It’s used to politely ask for something or request someone to do something.

Kripaya darwaza band kar dijiye.

Mujhe maf kijiye
This phrase means “excuse me” or “I’m sorry.” It can serve to get someone’s attention or express an apology.

Mujhe maf kijiye, kya aap mujhe ye bata sakte hai ki museum kaise jana hai?

Aapka swagat hai
Literally translating to “you are welcome,” this expression is used after someone thanks you. It’s a way to respond politely to gratitude.

Aapka dhanyavaad. Aapka swagat hai!

Namaste
Namaste is one of the most widely recognized Hindi words. It’s a greeting that expresses honor and respect. Typically accompanied by a slight bow and palms pressed together, it’s suitable for any time of day.

Namaste, aap kaise hain?

Pranaam
Pranaam is a respectful greeting generally used with people who are elder or of higher social status. It reflects a deeper level of respect than Namaste.

Pranaam, dada ji. Aap kaise ho?

Aap kaise hain?
This is the formal way to say “how are you?” in Hindi. It can be used in formal contexts or with people you don’t know well.

Namaste, aap kaise hain?

Aap kaisi hain?
This has the same meaning as “aap kaise hain?” but is used when speaking to a female individual.

Namaste, aap kaisi hain?

Maaf karna
Maaf karna means “forgive me” or “pardon me”. It is used when seeking forgiveness for a mistake or when you haven’t heard or understood something said to you.

Maaf karna, main der se pahunchunga.

Aapse milkar khushi hui
Translated as “pleased to meet you,” this expression is used after an introduction to someone new, showing pleasure from the encounter.

Aapse milkar khushi hui, Mr. Verma.

Mastering these expressions for courtesies and politeness in Hindi is a solid step toward engaging in meaningful and respectful conversations. Whether you are traveling to a Hindi-speaking region or trying to connect with Hindi speakers anywhere in the world, using these phrases will help you leave a positive impression and foster amicable relations.

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