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Everyday Hindi Vocabulary for Household Activities

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Learning a new language involves not only understanding its grammar and pronunciation but also building a strong and functional vocabulary related to everyday tasks. When it comes to learning Hindi, knowing words associated with household activities can be incredibly practical. In this article, we have compiled a list of common Hindi vocabulary words used in daily household activities, complete with definitions and example sentences.

Cooking – (खाना बनाना – Khānā Banānā)
Cooking is a central activity in most households, and in Hindi, it’s called “खाना बनाना”. The word “खाना” means ‘food’ and “बनाना” means ‘to make’.

माँ हर दिन खाना बनाती हैं। (Māṁ har din khānā banātī haṁ.) – Mother cooks food every day.

Cleaning – (सफाई करना – Safāī Karnā)
Cleaning, or “सफाई करना”, is another quintessential part of maintaining a home. “सफाई” refers to ‘cleaning’, and “करना” is a verb meaning ‘to do’.

रोहित रोज़ सुबह अपना कमरा साफ करता है। (Rohit roz subah apnā kamarā sāf kartā hai.) – Rohit cleans his room every morning.

Washing dishes – (बर्तन धोना – Bartan Dhonā)
After meals, washing dishes is inevitable. “बर्तन” stands for ‘dishes’, and “धोना” means ‘to wash’.

खाने के बाद मैंने बर्तन धोए। (Khāne ke bād maine bartan dhoe.) – I washed the dishes after eating.

Sweeping – (झाड़ू लगाना – Jhāṛū Lagānā)
Sweeping the floor, “झाड़ू लगाना”, is a daily duty in many households. “झाड़ू” is a ‘broom’, and “लगाना” typically means ‘to apply’, but in this context, it can be understood as ‘to sweep’.

नीला रोज़ अपने घर में झाड़ू लगाती है। (Neelā roz apne ghar meṁ jhāṛū lagātī hai.) – Neela sweeps her house every day.

Mopping – (पोंछा लगाना – Ponchā Lagānā)
Mopping the floor, or “पोंछा लगाना”, comes after sweeping. “पोंछा” refers to a ‘mop’, and, similarly to sweeping, “लगाना” here means ‘to mop’.

मैं सप्ताह में दो बार पोंछा लगाता हूँ। (Main saptāh meṁ do bār ponchā lagātā hūn.) – I mop the floor twice a week.

Laundry – (कपड़े धोना – Kapṛe Dhonā)
“कपड़े” means ‘clothes’, and “धोना” means ‘to wash’. Together, “कपड़े धोना” refers to the act of doing laundry.

सीमा हर रविवार को कपड़े धोती है। (Seemā har ravivār ko kapṛe dhotī hai.) – Seema does laundry every Sunday.

Dusting – (धूल साफ करना – Dhūl Sāf Karnā)
“Dusting” is “धूल साफ करना” in Hindi, where “धूल” means ‘dust’, and “साफ करना” translates to ‘to clean’.

मैं हर दिन सुबह फर्नीचर की धूल साफ करता हूँ। (Main har din subah furniture kī dhūl sāf kartā hūn.) – I dust the furniture every morning.

Ironing – (कपड़े प्रेस करना – Kapṛe Press Karnā)
Ironing clothes, “कपड़े प्रेस करना”, is a task that many may find tedious. “कपड़े” again is ‘clothes’, and “प्रेस करना” is ‘to press’, referring to the act of ironing.

अमित काम पर जाने से पहले कपड़े प्रेस करता है। (Amit kām par jāne se pahle kapṛe press kartā hai.) – Amit irons the clothes before going to work.

Gardening – (बागवानी करना – Bāgvānī Karnā)
For those with a green thumb, “बागवानी करना” translates to the hobby or task of gardening. “बागवानी” means ‘gardening’, and once again, “करना” means ‘to do’.

मेरी माँ शनिवार को बागवानी करती हैं। (Merī māṁ shanivār ko bāgvānī kartī haṁ.) – My mother does gardening on Saturdays.

By incorporating these vocabulary words into your Hindi lexicon, you will find yourself more confident and capable when discussing and engaging in everyday household activities. Remember that practice and repetition are key to language learning, so try using these words in your daily conversations to master them!

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