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Day-to-Day Household Words in Chinese

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Learning a new language involves not only understanding grammar and phonetics but also building a strong vocabulary. For those beginning to learn Chinese, knowing day-to-day household words is essential. It helps you navigate your own home environment, shop for household items, or even describe something in your house when talking to others. Let’s learn some common household words in Chinese with their definitions and example sentences to start expanding your vocabulary today!

房子 (fáng zi) — House
The place where someone lives; a dwelling place.
这是我新买的房子。
(This is my newly bought house.)

厨房 (chú fáng) — Kitchen
A room or area where food is prepared and cooked.
她在厨房做饭。
(She is cooking in the kitchen.)

卧室 (wò shì) — Bedroom
A room for sleeping in.
我的卧室有一张很大的床。
(My bedroom has a large bed.)

客厅 (kè tīng) — Living Room
A room in a house for general and informal everyday use.
我们的客厅有一个电视和两个沙发。
(Our living room has a TV and two sofas.)

浴室 (yù shì) — Bathroom
A room containing a bathtub or a shower and usually a sink and a toilet.
浴室在卧室旁边。
(The bathroom is next to the bedroom.)

家具 (jiā jù) — Furniture
Large objects such as tables, chairs, or beds that are used in a room to make it suitable for living or working.
我们需要买些新家具。
(We need to buy some new furniture.)

冰箱 (bīng xiāng) — Refrigerator
An appliance or compartment that is artificially kept cool and used to store food and drink.
冰箱里有很多水果。
(There are a lot of fruits in the refrigerator.)

微波炉 (wēi bō lú) — Microwave
A type of oven that uses microwaves to heat or cook food.
可以用微波炉加热这些剩菜。
(You can use the microwave to heat up these leftovers.)

洗衣机 (xǐ yī jī) — Washing Machine
A machine for washing clothes, linen, etc.
洗衣机正在运行,请勿打开。
(The washing machine is running; please do not open it.)

电视 (diàn shì) — Television
A device for receiving television broadcasts and displaying them in visual form.
电视的遥控器在哪里?
(Where is the TV remote control?)

空调 (kōng tiáo) — Air Conditioner
An appliance designed to cool the air in an enclosed space.
今天很热,打开空调吧。
(It’s very hot today; turn on the air conditioner.)

(wǎn) — Bowl
A round, deep dish or basin used for food or liquid.
请把米饭盛在碗里。
(Please serve the rice in the bowl.)

Mastering these household words can greatly enhance your ability to describe your daily life in Chinese. Remember to practice saying them aloud and using them in sentences to get more familiar. Happy learning!

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