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Chinese Vocabulary for Education and Learning

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Learning a new language is not only about mastering its grammar and pronunciation, but also about expanding your vocabulary within various topics. One such crucial area is education and learning. Here are some fundamental Chinese vocabulary words related to education and learning that will help you discuss your academic experiences and goals in Mandarin.

学校 (xuéxiào) – School
This word refers to any place of learning, from elementary schools to universities.
他在一所著名的大学校工作。
(He works at a famous university.)

老师 (lǎoshī) – Teacher
A person who imparts knowledge or instructs others, typically within a school setting.
我们的数学老师非常有耐心。
(Our math teacher is very patient.)

学生 (xuéshēng) – Student
A person who is attending school or engaged in formal studies.
那个学生在图书馆里学习。
(That student is studying in the library.)

课本 (kèběn) – Textbook
A book containing the materials needed for a course of study.
这本课本包含了所有的考试重点。
(This textbook contains all the key points for the exam.)

课程 (kèchéng) – Course or Curriculum
The subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college.
下学期我将选修五门课程。
(Next semester I will take five courses.)

学习 (xuéxí) – To study or to learn
The act of acquiring knowledge or skill through study, experience, or teaching.
我在家自学中文。
(I study Chinese at home by myself.)

考试 (kǎoshì) – Exam or Test
An assessment intended to measure a student’s knowledge, skill, aptitude, or classification in many other topics.
明天我们有一场数学考试。
(We have a math exam tomorrow.)

成绩 (chéngjī) – Grade or Score
A rating or performance evaluation, often expressed in letters (A, B, C, etc.) or numbers.
她在英语考试中得了高分。
(She got high scores in the English test.)

毕业 (bìyè) – To graduate
The completion of a degree program or course of study.
他今年春天将从大学毕业。
(He will graduate from university this spring.)

专业 (zhuānyè) – Major (field of study)
A specific subject area that a student specializes in during his or her higher education.
他的专业是计算机科学。
(His major is computer science.)

研究 (yánjiū) – To research or study deeply
To study something thoroughly, often for the purpose of discovering new information or understanding.
她在研究中国历史。
(She is researching Chinese history.)

图书馆 (túshū guǎn) – Library
A place where books, magazines, and other materials are available for people to read or borrow.
图书馆是学习的好地方。
(The library is a good place for studying.)

讲座 (jiǎngzuò) – Lecture or Seminar
An instructional speech given to an audience or a class, particularly at an educational institution.
今晚的讲座是关于现代艺术的。
(Tonight’s lecture is about modern art.)

奖学金 (jiǎngxuéjīn) – Scholarship
A grant or payment made to support a student’s education, awarded on the basis of academic or other achievement.
她因为成绩优异获得了奖学金。
(She received a scholarship for her excellent grades.)

By familiarizing yourself with these key terms for education and learning, you can more confidently engage in conversations about academic life and your studies in Chinese. Remember that practice and exposure are essential in language learning, so make sure to use these words often in your Mandarin conversations!

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