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Bosnian Verbs for Everyday Use

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When learning a new language, verbs are among the most essential components to understand. They help you form sentences to express actions, occurrences, or states of being. In the Bosnian language, mastering everyday verbs can significantly enhance your ability to communicate effectively. In this article, we will go through some commonly used Bosnian verbs and their meanings, accompanied by example sentences to help illustrate their usage.

Biti means “to be” and is the most fundamental verb in Bosnian, as it is in other languages. It functions as a main verb and a helper verb in various tenses and constructions.
Ja sam student. (I am a student.)

Imati translates to “to have” and is another essential verb used to indicate possession, relationships, or attributes.
On ima lijepu kuću. (He has a beautiful house.)

Raditi means “to work” or “to do.” It can be used in various contexts, from professional work to performing tasks.
Ona radi svaki dan. (She works every day.)

Hodati translates as “to walk.” This verb is used to describe the act of walking, whether for exercise or simply as a mode of transportation.
Mi hodamo parkom. (We walk through the park.)

Jesti means “to eat.” It’s a verb that will come up often, as it’s a central part of daily routine and socializing.
Djeca jedu doručak. (The children are eating breakfast.)

Piti translates to “to drink.” It’s another vital verb related to daily life and is often used when talking about beverages or social activities.
Volim piti kavu ujutro. (I like to drink coffee in the morning.)

Voljeti means “to love” or “to like.” This verb expresses feelings towards people, activities, or objects.
Volim čitati knjige. (I love to read books.)

Željeti translates as “to want.” It’s a useful verb for expressing desires, needs, or intentions.
Želim naučiti bosanski jezik. (I want to learn the Bosnian language.)

Govoriti means “to speak” or “to say.” This verb is crucial for communicating your thoughts and engaging in conversations.
On govori tri jezika. (He speaks three languages.)

Slušati translates to “to listen.” Whether it’s music, a lecture, or a friend’s story, this verb is all about the act of hearing attentively.
Slušam omiljenu pjesmu. (I’m listening to my favorite song.)

Gledati means “to watch” or “to look at.” It can be used when talking about watching television, viewing a performance, or simply observing something.
Gledamo film večeras. (We are watching a movie tonight.)

Učiti translates to “to learn” or “to study.” It’s an essential verb for students and anyone acquiring new knowledge or skills.
Učim kako kuhati. (I’m learning how to cook.)

Ići means “to go.” This verb is very commonly used for talking about movement or travel to different places.
Idemo u školu. (We are going to school.)

Kupovati translates as “to buy.” You will use this verb when discussing shopping or acquiring new items.
Kupujem poklone za prijatelje. (I’m buying gifts for friends.)

Learning these everyday Bosnian verbs and using them correctly will be a valuable step in communicating effectively with native speakers. Remember to practice the example sentences and try to create your own using each of the verbs mentioned. With regular use and practice, you’ll soon find yourself speaking and understanding basic Bosnian much better. Sretno! (Good luck!)

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