Basic English Vocabulary for Beginners

Learning a new language starts with getting familiar with its basic vocabulary. Understanding and using these words is critical in building a foundation for language proficiency. This article will introduce you to some of the essential English vocabulary that beginners should know. Alongside each word, you’ll find definitions and example sentences to help you understand the context in which these words are used.

Hello
A greeting used when meeting someone for the first time or starting a conversation.
“Hello, my name is John. Nice to meet you!”

Goodbye
A word used to express farewell when parting or ending a conversation.
“It was great seeing you today. Goodbye!”

Thank you
An expression of gratitude or appreciation.
“You helped me so much with my project. Thank you!”

Yes
A word used to indicate agreement or affirmation.
“Do you want some more cake? Yes, please!”

No
A word used to show disagreement, refusal, or denial.
“Are you going to the party tonight? No, I am not.”

Please
A polite expression used when asking for something.
“Can you pass me the salt, please?”

Sorry
A word expressing apology or regret.
“I’m sorry for stepping on your foot.”

Family
A group of one’s close relatives, often including parents, children, and siblings.
“We’re having a family reunion this weekend.”

Friend
A person with whom one has a bond of mutual affection, typically exclusive of sexual or family relations.
“She’s not just my classmate; she’s a good friend.”

Food
Substances that people eat or drink to maintain life and growth.
“Italian food is my favorite, especially pizza.”

Water
A clear, colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid that is essential for most plant and animal life and is the most widely used of all solvents.
“Could you please give me a glass of water?”

House
A building for human habitation.
“They just moved into a new house on Maple Street.”

School
An institution for educating children or a place where instruction is given.
“The children go to school five days a week.”

Work
Activities involving mental or physical effort done to achieve a purpose or result, notably one’s job.
“She has to go to work early every day.”

Play
Engage in activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious or practical purpose.
“The kids love to play at the park.”

Building your vocabulary is a continuous process, and these words are just a starting point. As you expand your knowledge, you’ll be able to engage in more complex conversations and express yourself more effectively in English. Keep practicing, and don’t be afraid to try using new words as you learn them. Happy learning!

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